Castle Biosciences Presents Clinical Validation Study for its Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma Prognostic Test at the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery (ASDS) 2019 Annual Meeting
The study titled, “Development and validation of a prognostic gene expression profile (GEP) for stratification of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients by 3-year risk of regional or distant metastases,” was presented during an Oral Abstract session at the
- Approximately 1 million patients are diagnosed with SCC in the U.S. each year, and the incidence continues to grow.
- Many patients with SCC will have a favorable prognosis, but an estimated 15,000 people in the U.S. die from SCC each year, surpassing the number of U.S. deaths from cutaneous melanoma estimated to be as high as 9,000.
- National guidelines define different treatment pathways and follow-up schedules for low-risk and high-risk SCC patients, but the low positive predictive value (PPV) of available staging systems means that the majority of high-risk patients do not develop metastases. Thus, many high-risk patients may be over-treated with radiation, chemotherapy or other interventions even when they may not be needed.
- There is a clear need for more accurate methods to identify high-risk SCC patients to appropriately direct work-up and treatment plans.
To address this need,
- Successful development of a 40-gene signature that identifies three groups of patients with significantly different risk for regional/distant metastasis using a training set of 122 patients.
- The multicenter validation study included 321 patients, of which 93% had one or more high-risk features and 52 patients experienced metastasis.
- Patients with a Class 1 result (n=203; lowest risk group) had a 91.6% 3-year metastasis-free survival (MFS) rate, significantly better than the MFS rate for patients with a high-risk Class 2A (80.6%; n=93) or highest risk Class 2B (44%; n=25) test result (p<0.0001).
- The negative predictive value (NPV) for the DecisionDx-SCC Class 1 was 91.1%. Among all patients in the study, 63% had a Class 1 (lowest risk) result. This group could be considered for de-escalation in their treatment plan.
- The PPV for DecisionDx-SCC Class 2B was 60% compared to the PPV for Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) staging of 35.3% and American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC version 8) staging of 20.9%.
- DecisionDx-SCC demonstrated strong independent prognostic value in multivariate analyses compared to the BWH and AJCC v8 staging systems. Specifically, when compared to the BWH staging system, DecisionDx-SCC Class 2B had a hazard ratio (HR) of 8.9 (p<0.001) compared to an HR of 1.9 for BWH high risk (p<0.05). Similarly, when compared to the AJCC v8 staging system, DecisionDx-SCC Class 2B had an HR of 9.8 (p<0.001) compared to an HR of 2.6 for AJCC high risk (p<0.001).
“Clinical validation of this prognostic test for SCC demonstrates significant progress towards improved identification of high-risk patients beyond currently available staging systems,” commented
Additional DecisionDx-SCC performance studies are currently underway, including a prospective study. The DecisionDx-SCC test is the second skin cancer test discovered, developed and validated by
About Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), a nonmelanoma skin cancer, is one of the most common cancers. Approximately 1,000,000 patients are diagnosed with SCC each year in the U.S. Most patients have a favorable prognosis, but a subset of patients will develop metastasis and up to 15,000 patients each year die from their disease, exceeding the number of deaths from cutaneous melanoma. As current staging parameters have a low positive predictive value, many more patients are considered high risk than actually develop metastatic disease. Conversely, many patients who develop metastatic disease are misidentified as low risk. This may lead to over and undertreatment of a substantial number of SCC patients. To address this clinical need,
DecisionDx-Melanoma, DecisionDx-CMSeq, DecisionDx-UM, DecisionDx-PRAME and DecisionDx-UMSeq are trademarks of
The information in this press release contains forward-looking statements and information within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which are subject to the “safe harbor” created by those sections. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements concerning the ability of DecisionDx-SCC test results to appropriately direct SCC patient work-up and treatment plans; the ability of DecisionDx-SCC to improve upon existing staging systems and accurately classify patient risk; and expectations of DecisionDx-SCC to enable de-escalation of care in patients identified as high risk by traditional staging and provide objective data to implement proper recommendations for actual high risk patients. The words “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “projects,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. We may not actually achieve the plans, intentions, or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Actual results or events could differ materially from the plans, intentions and expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements that we make. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, the risks set forth in our final prospectus filed with the
Derek Maetzold, President and CEO